women entrepreneurs in algeria

Mechanisms to encourage women entrepreneurs in algeria

Mechanisms to encourage women entrepreneurs through education, training and employment

The consecration of the political representation of women was concretized by the organic law of January 12, 2012 which stipulates that “the State works to promote the political rights of women by increasing their chances of access to representation in assemblies. elected ”. In terms of schooling, according to data from the National Statistics Office (ONS), more girls than boys pass the university entrance exam after obtaining their baccalaureate

According to the Algerian Ministry of Higher Education, between 2006 and 2010, 59% of those enrolled in preparation for a bachelor's degree were girls. The constitution guarantees non-discrimination in hiring and equal pay. It also includes provisions against sexual harassment. The ONS also notes strong growth in female employment, which represented 5.2% of the total labor force in 1971, when it reached 17.4% in 2017

Nevertheless, despite the state's desire to include women in the economic sector through the Constitution, laws, and the various mechanisms to encourage entrepreneurship, many women in the country live in a conservative environment that hinders their economic empowerment. This leads them to develop economic activities in municipalities or neighborhoods other than their municipality of residence

According to surveys involving 325 women as part of the diagnoses cited at the beginning of the article, many women have a negative image of women entrepreneurs. Indeed, some are reluctant to engage in entrepreneurship for fear of failing in the domestic roles and tasks that are traditionally "assigned" to them. Thus, it seems that in Algeria there is a complex societal structure where several models of society coexist

Economically, the wilaya of Sétif stands out from other wilayas by its economic and commercial dynamism, reinforced by the existence of several university centers, and vocational training and specialized education centers. This region registers insufficient participation of women in the economic sphere which is similar to other regions but there is a strong entrepreneurial intention among young women

Although each wilaya has a directorate of the National Agency for Micro-Credit Management in Algeria (ANGEM) which supports training and support for project leaders, only 46% of entrepreneurs benefit from this type of devices. More generally, the importance of involving local authorities and grassroots associations in sensitizing women on the benefits of entrepreneurship, especially in sectors such as the social and solidarity economy, was underlined